Wednesday, 28 September 2016

Belle Époque - part 5

The Belle Époque (the Beautiful Period) in France is conventionally dated from the end of the Franco-Prussian War in 1871 to the the outbreak of World War I in 1914. It was a period characterised by optimism, regional peace and economic prosperity, and of technological, scientific, and cultural innovation. Whilst showing key works from the Belle Epoque, I am including works from the fall-out of the period almost up to World War II, so as to put these works in context.

Artists in the late 1800s found opportunities to present their work to the masses through advertising art that began to appear as billboards and posters, plastering the streets of Paris. “Affiche Artistique” was the term that the French used to describe a poster that contained artistic expression.  The art was so impressive to the public, people began to collect the posters as soon as they went up, which is why they are so scarce today.  

Artists such as Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec, Jules Chéret, Théophile-Alexandre Steinlen, and Alfred Choubrac, contributed to the creative body of work that became what some called  “a free museum for the masses”.  The craze for collecting these examples of modern art was even given the name, "affichomanie", meaning “artistic poster mania”.  Collectors today pay hundreds, if not thousands for original prints of these rare posters.

This is part 5 of a 9-part series on art of the Belle Epoque. For more works in the series see parts 1 - 4 also.


JULES CHÉRET ( 1836 - 1932 ) part 1:


Jules Chéret was born in Paris to a family of of artisans. Aged 13 he began a three-year Apprenticeship with a lithographer, after which his interest in painting led him to an art course at École Nationale de Dessin.
Between 1859 and 1866 he trained as a lithographer in London, where he was strongly influenced by the British approach to poster design and printing. On returning to France he created numerous posters for the theatres and music halls of the day where his work was in great demand, as well becoming a major force in the advertising industry.
1875 Folie-Bergère, La Charmeuse de Serpents
poster by Jules Chéret

1875 Folies-Bergère, Thaumaturgie Humoristique
poster by Jules Chéret

1875 Tous les Soirs a 8 Heures, Folies-Bergère
poster by Jules Chéret

1876 Folies-Bergère, Skating Concert
poster by Jules Chéret

1876 Tous les Soirs a 8 Heures, Folies-Bergère
poster by Jules Chéret

1887 Exhibition of Arabs of the Sahara Desert
poster by Jules Chéret

1888 Bullier
poster by Jules Chéret

1888 Exposition, Tableaux 7 Dessins de A. Willette
poster by Jules Chéret

1888 Kinia Raffard
poster by Jules Chéret

1888 L'Amant des Danseuse Eldorado Music Hall
poster by Jules Chéret

1889 Bal du Moulin Rouge
poster by Jules Chéret

1889 Exposition Universelle des Arts Incoherents
poster by Jules Chéret

1889 Job, Cigarette Papers
stage 1 poster by Jules Chéret

1889 Job, Cigarette Papers 
stage 2 poster by Jules Chéret

1889 Jouets, Objets pour Etrennes
poster by Jules Chéret

1889 La Gomme
poster by Jules Chéret

1890 Bagnères de Luchon, Fête des Fleurs
poster by Jules Chéret

1890 Jardin de Paris, fete de Nuit Bal
poster by Jules Chéret

1890 La Diaphane, Sarah Bernhardt
poster by Jules Chéret

1890 Maquettes Animées de Georges-Bertrand
poster by Jules Chéret

1890 Moulin Rouge
poster by Jules Chéret

1890 Paris Courses
poster by Jules Chéret

1890 Théâtrophone
poster by Jules Chéret

1890c Arlette Dorgère
poster by Jules Chéret

Arlette Dorgère

1890 L'HIver à Nice
poster by Jules Chéret

1891 2me Expostion de Mille Dessins originaux du Courrier Français
stage 1 poster by Jules Chéret

1891 2me Expostion de Mille Dessins originaux du Courrier Français 
stage 2 poster by Jules Chéret

1891 Purgative Géraudel
stage 1 poster by Jules Chéret

1891 Ambassadeurs, la jolie Fagette
poster by Jules Chéret

1891 Casino de Paris, Camille Stèfani
poster by Jules Chéret

1891 Comedy (decorative panel)
by Jules Chéret

1891 Dance (decorative panel)
by Jules Chéret

1891 Music (decorative panel)
by Jules Chéret

1891 Pantomime (decorative panel)
by Jules Chéret

1891 Cosmydor Savon
poster by Jules Chéret

1891 Grands Magasins du Louvre, Jouets Etrennes
poster by Jules Chéret

1891 L'Infamant
poster by Jules Chéret

1891 Les Coulisses de l'Opera au Musée Grévin
poster by Jules Chéret

1891 Librairie Ed. Sagot
poster by Jules Chéret

1891 Purgatif Géradel
poster by Jules Chéret

1891 Purgatif Géradel 
poster by Jules Chéret

1891 Yvette Guilbert au Concert Parisien
poster by Jules Chéret

Yvette Guilbert

1891-93 Folies-Bergère, L'Arc en Ciel
stage 1 poster by Jules Chéret

1891-93 Folies-Bergère, L'Arc en Ciel 
stage 2 poster by Jules Chéret

1892 Olympia anciennes Montagnes Russes
stage 1 poster by Jules Chéret

1892 Olympia anciennes Montagnes Russes 
stage 2 poster by Jules Chéret

1892 Pantomimes Lumineuses
stage 1 poster by Jules Chéret

1892 Pantomimes Lumineuses 
stage 2 poster by Jules Chéret

Works by Jukes Cherét continue in part 6.